Twenty four men with origins in Lithuania served for Australia on the Western Front. A quarter of these men appear to have had Lithuanian heritage; around half were Litvaks (Lithuanian Jews), while the others were of Polish, German, or Byelorussian (or uncertain) backgrounds.
Let's start with the first four of those who appear to have been Lithuanians (clicking on their names will take you to their service records at the National Archives):
(Here I've largely repeated the information shown on the earlier Gallipoli post:)
AWM memorial panel 61
William Frank JAKS
Born in the province of Kaunas in 1882, he left czarist Russia around 1900 and lived in England prior to arriving in Australia on the Heathfield in 1914. He enlisted in April 1916 at Adelaide as a single man, giving his residence as Berri, South Australia, and his occupation as a carpenter. William served as a private with the 5th Pioneer Battalion (reinforcements) in France and was severely wounded in action in September 1918. He returned to Adelaide in February 1919 and was discharged later that year. After the war he was self-employed as a furniture restorer and french polisher in NSW and Queensland, eventually settling in Canberra where he married Madeline Elliott in 1936. He died there in 1951.
P. KALINAUSKAS/William KALINOVSKY/KALIN
|P. Kalinauskas (centre), |
Sydney circa 1920
(Source: Metraštis No 1)
AWM memorial panel 113
Born in Kaunas in 1889, he was working as a labourer at Kalgoorlie (Western Australia) and a single man prior to enlisting in August 1916 at Kalgoorlie. John saw service as a private with the 27th and 28th Battalions but was killed in action on 20 September 1917 in Belgium. He left behind a sister, Eva [Ieva] Alanskas/Alanckienė of Bellevue Western Australia, who had arrived in Australia with her family in 1912 having lived in Scotland for several years. Although arrival records for John Lovriaen have not yet been located, it seems possible that he had also reached Australia from Scotland, particularly as his military record lists his religion as Church of England. Western Australian newspaper reports of his death in 1917 show his residence as Bellevue. He is commemorated at the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium and also at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
Sources: Ancestry.com; Metrastis No 1; Russian Anzacs; Trove.